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旋元佑英语单词词源大挪移 行为动作字根(5)gram, graph = write 书写

Part 2 字根 表示{行为动作}的字根 gram, graph = write 书写

入门字

photograph (n.) 相片

photo/ graph
light/ write

进阶字

1. cablegram (n.) 海底电缆电报

cable/ gram
cable/ write

The trans-Atlantic cable made it possible to send cablegrams between New York and Paris.
横越大西洋的电缆让人们可以在纽约和巴黎之间传送电缆电报。

2. diagram (n.) 解说图,说明图

dia/ gram
through/ write

The engineer drew a simple diagram to help explain his design.
这位工程师画了一副简单的解说图以便于解释他的设计。

3. epigram (n.) 警句

epi/ gram
upon/ write

“Life is short and art is long”is one of the many epigrams by Oscar Wilde.
“生命短暂,艺术长久”是王尔德留下的许多警句之一。

4. monogram (n.) (名字字首)缩写字样

mono/ gram
one/ write

This must be Richard Clark's watch: look at the monogram R.C.on the back.
这一定是理查·克拉克的表:你瞧后面有R.C.的缩写。

5. programming (n.) 程式设计

pro/ gram/ ming
for/ write/ 名词字尾

Computer programming is a skill very much in demand in today's job market.
电脑程式设计在今日的就业市场上是非常抢手的技能。

6. telegram (n.) 电报

tele/ gram
far/ write

In the age of e-mail, telegrams are less and less frequently used.
在电子邮件的时代,电报愈来愈少用到。

7. graph (n.) 图

graph
write

There are a lot of graphs and charts hanging on the walls of the conference room.
会议室墙上挂着许多图表。

8. graphic (a.) 栩栩如生的

graph/ ic
write/ 形容词字尾

The graphic descriptions of the bubonic plague at the beginning of Boccaccio's Decameron show that Boccaccio was a first-hand witness of the plague.
薄驾丘《十日谈》一开头对黑死病栩栩如生的描述,显示薄伽丘亲眼目睹过黑死病。

9. graphics (n.) 图形

graph/ ics
writes/ 名词字尾

The computer is equipped with a new graphics interface that substantially speeds up imaging.
这台电脑配有新的图形界面,可以大幅加速显像。

10. graphite (n.) 石墨

graph/ ite
write/ 名词字尾

Pencils are made of graphite wrapped in wood.
铅笔是用石墨包在木头里制成的。

11. graffiti (n.) 涂鸦

graff/ iti
write/ 名词字尾

The traveler goes around the world collecting graffiti from men's rooms.
这位旅行者环游世界,到处收集男厕里的涂鸦文字。

12. autograph (n.)(v.) 亲笔签名

auto/ graph
self/ write

Many fans showed up at the airport to get the rock star's autograph.
许多歌迷出现在机场,向这位摇滚明星索取签名。

13. autobiography (n.) 自尊

auto/ bio/ graph/ y
self/ life/ write/ 名词字尾

Son of Taiwan is Chen Shui-bien's autobiography.
《台湾之子》是陈水扁的自传。

14. bibliography (n.) 书目

biblio/ graph/ y
book/ write/ 名词字尾

You should include a bibliography at the end of your research paper.
你应该在研究论文后面附上参考书目。

15. biography (n.) 传记

bio/ graph/ y
life/ write/ 名词字尾

The two new biographies of John F.Kennedy tell such different stories that you would think they were talking about two different men.
约翰·甘逎迪的两本新传记叙述的故事大不相同,让人感觉说的不是同一个人。

16. choreographer (n.) 编舞家

choreo/ graph/ er
dance/ write/ one who

Elizebeth Duncan was a famous choreographer, sometimes known as the founder of American modern dance.
伊丽莎白·邓肯是著名的编舞家,有时被称为美国现代舞的创始人。

17. demographic (a.) 人口的,人口学的

demo/ graph/ ic
people/ write/ 形容词字尾

The demographic trend in Taiwan is one toward more senior citizens and fewer children.
台湾的人口趋势是老人渐多,小孩渐少。

18. epigraph (n.) 碑文

epi/ graph
upon/ write

Wait here while I get a closer look at the epigraph on that statue.
在这里等一下,我去仔细看看这座雕像上的碑文。

19. geography (n.) 地理

geo/ graph/ y
earth/ write/ 名词字尾

History and geography are two basic courses all high school students must take.
历史和地理是高中学生必修的两门基础课程。

20. monograph (n.) 专文,论文

mono/ graph
one/ write

The professor had a monograph on gene splicing pubilshed in Nature.
这位教授在《自然》期刊上发表了一篇基因移植的专文。

21. oceanography (n.) 海洋学

oceano/ graph/ y
ocean/ write/ 名词字尾

Oceanography is just like geography, except that it deals with the oceans.
海洋学就和地理学一样,只不过研究的是海洋。

22. paragraph (n.) 段落

para/ graph
beside/ write

When a new idea is introduced, you should start a new paragraph.
提到新想法时,就该另起新段落。

23. phonograph (n.) 留声机

phono/ graph
sound/ write

Edison's phonograph is the distant ancestor of today's CD player.
爱迪生的留声机是今日CD唱盘的老祖宗。

24. pictograph (n.) 象形文字

picto/ graph
paint/ write

Written Chinese is not an alphabetical language,it is composed largely of pictographs.
中文字不是拼音文字,而是以象形文字为主。

25. polygraph (n.) 测谎机

poly/ graph
many/ write

The defendant claims that he is willing to take a polygraph test to prove his innocence.
被告表示原意接受测谎以证明自己的清白。

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